As churches reopen, attendance remains flat

April 4, 2022
According to a new Pew study, most people have not resumed in-person worship even though churches are reopening. (Photo by Nolan Kent on Unsplash)

Across the country, religious congregations have reopened after two long pandemic years, according to a new Pew Research survey.

But there has been little or no risein the number of people attending in-person religious services over the past six months, while the number of those watching services online has also remained steady.

The survey of 10,441 US adults taken March 7–13 showed that only 27 percent of respondents said they attended services in person that month (compared to 67 percent who typically do). Back in September, when the coronavirus was still surging and hospitals were reaching capacity numbers, the percentage of those attending in-person religious ser­vices was 26 percent.

Likewise, those streaming services online remained steady: 28 percent in September 2021 and 30 percent today.

Pew researchers suggested in-person religious service attendance could rise if the pandemic continues to recede or drop if a new coronavirus variant emerges.

Watching services online will likely continue to be higher, they said, than it was before the coronavirus outbreak began in early 2020.

Religious scholars are now beginning to field studies to determine the long-term impacts of the coronavirus on religious service attendance.

Scott Thumma, a sociologist who re­cently began a five-year study of how congregations have fared during the pandemic, said his initial findings show a modest increase in in-person attendance from last summer to November. (The project relies on data from religious congregations rather than from individual attendees.)

“We’re not going to know the full impact for quite a few years,” said Thumma, who directs the Hartford Institute for Religion Research. “People are still hesitant to go back. Clergy are still struggling with convincing people to come back. A lot of people are either content to not go or rely on online services.”

In the Pew survey, 21 percent of adults who said they attend religious services monthly said they have not gone back to in-person services, instead attending online only.

Only 5 percent of respondents said their places of worship were still closed. Across all categories there was a rise in the number of respondents who reported that their congregations are holding services the way they did before the pandemic.

Black Protestant churchgoers stood out as the Christian group most likely to have watched religious services online or on TV. This group with deep religious commitments was more likely than evangelicals and mainline Protestants to say they watched online services in the last month, in keeping with other studies that suggest Black churchgoers are far more cautious in protecting themselves from the virus.

The survey did not contain enough respondents from non-Christian faiths to report their worship habits separately.

The survey also showed that the share of Republicans and Republican-leaning independents who said their churches were open as they were before the pandemic was roughly double the share of Democratic congregants who said the same (58 percent vs. 27 percent). —Religion News Service