Court says religious knowledge test improper in asylum case

January 21, 2011

(RNS) A Chinese Christian should be given another chance at asylum
after an immigration judge thought the man couldn't answer "basic
questions" about Christianity, a federal appeals court has ruled.

The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said on Wednesday (Jan. 19)
that Lei Li was improperly denied asylum after the judge was unsatisfied
by his answers on whether Thanksgiving is a Christian holiday and the
difference between the Old and New Testaments.

Lei became a Christian in 1999 and was subsequently beaten,
interrogated by Chinese authorities, and lost his job after hosting
church services in his house. He arrived in the U.S. on a tourist visa
in 2001.

In 2005, two years after he applied for asylum, an immigration judge
ruled that Lei "failed to demonstrate credible evidence that he is a
Christian" and made conflicting statements about his residency.

The appeals court ruled that Lei "is in good company" in thinking
that Thanksgiving is a Christian holiday, noting that George Washington
and Abraham Lincoln cited God in their Thanksgiving proclamations.

Lei said he only knew that the Old Testament was written in Hebrew
and the New Testament in Greek, and his inability to say more was viewed
as an "important factor" in calling his Christianity into question.

The appeals court, however, said Lei's answer about the Bible is
"scant evidence" for his lack of Christian faith, and his answer about
Thanksgiving is "no evidence at all."

According to the ruling, Lei professed his "belief that Jesus came
to save people from sin, that he willingly died on the cross, that he
rose from the dead on the third day, that 40 days later he ascended into
heaven, and that, in this way, he `save(s) our lives."'

Judge Alfred T. Goodwin, writing for the appeals court, said the
immigration judge's "perception of a petitioner's ignorance of religious
doctrine is not a proper basis" for rejecting his claims.

The court reversed the lower court's denial of asylum and sent Lei's
case back for further consideration.