Franklin I. Gamwell
Reviewed by Franklin I. Gamwell, professor of religious ethics at the University of Chicago Divinity School.
reviewed by Franklin I. Gamwell May 7, 2002
The U.S. Supreme Court's opinions about the relationship between religion and the state have been increasingly separationist, argues Phillip Hammond, a distinguished sociologist of religion and contributor to the so-called civil religion discussion. Although the nation "began as a de facto Protestant society," it has since the close of the Civil War moved toward greater and greater government neutrality not only toward differing religions but also toward the difference between religion and irreligion. This is as it should be, Hammond thinks. Behind the Constitution, he contends, is a "constitutional faith," and separationism, rightly understood, is its legal or judicial expression.
by Franklin I. Gamwell July 13, 1999