Nearly half of all former Catholics have left institutionalized religion altogether, according to a recent PRRI/RNS survey. Among former Catholics, 14 percent identify themselves as white, evangelical Protestants, and 9 percent as mainline Protestants. This cohort is more likely to be young, male, and politically liberal or independent. Former Catholics are also less likely to say their views of the Catholic Church have changed since the advent of Pope Francis. They do share similar views with Catholics on climate change, immigration reform, and same-sex marriage, although they are more liberal on legalizing abortion in all or most cases (PRRI, September 3).