The universe is both distinct from God and loved by God, according to Christian theology. Such a view of the universe, says theologian John F. Haught, makes room for the concept of evolution. A world that is truly other than God has autonomy and therefore the freedom to develop spontaneously in its own, contingent manner. A God that truly loves the world will not coerce it to change but rather work with it through persuasive love. “If God is love, and not controlling power, the world will be given leeway to experiment with an array of creative possibilities”—what is considered randomness in evolutionary science (Sewanee Theological Review, Michaelmas).