Jesus and the Eyewitnesses

Richard Bauckham, professor at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, poses a severe challenge to form criticism, the highly influential 20th-century methodology that deals with the oral transmission of the biblical stories. Instead of postulating a lengthy process of anonymous oral transmission preceding the formation of the Gospels, as form criticism does, Bauckham situates the Gospels in close proximity to those who witnessed the events they recounted: “Not oral tradition but eyewitness testimony should be our principal model,” he writes.

Bauckham’s book raises major theoretical issues related to form criticism, external versus internal evidence, Gospel narrativity, and testimony versus memory.

 

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