Century Marks

Century Marks

Backlash

By some estimates, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) contributed 40 percent of the money raised to combat Proposition 8 in California in 2008. The legislation overturned a California Supreme Court ruling that legalized same-sex marriage. A backlash against the LDS church for its support of Proposition 8 led one LDS leader to claim that Mormons are facing unparalleled religious persecution, and he likened their situation to southern blacks during the civil rights era. In 2009, when the church supported measures in Salt Lake City that prohibited discrimination against gays in housing and employment, conservatives complained it was a public relations stunt in the wake of Proposition 8 backlash (American Scholar, Autumn).

Just ask

Robert Kaplan, who teaches management practice at Harvard Busi­ness School and was a vice president at Goldman Sachs, suggests that more questions need to be asked in the workplace. People think it is a sign of weakness to ask questions, he says, but leadership is a team undertaking. Both managers and employees need to know their strengths and weaknesses. Kaplan recommends that you ask your co-workers what yours are (Chicago Tribune, August 7).

Not injurious to religion

Philip Schwadel, a sociologist at the University of Nebraska, says his research counters the notion that the more education a person has the less religious he or she will be. More education actually correlates with more prayer, Bible reading, volunteerism and church attendance. While having more education doesn't correlate with disaffiliation from religion, it does increase the odds of switching religious affiliation, especially switching into a mainline Protestant denomination (InsideHigherEd.com, August 8).

Streetwise

Greg Scott, a sociology professor at DePaul University in Chicago, is an award-winning filmmaker with a passion for telling the stories of junkies, crackheads, hustlers and hookers and for showing how these people are also mothers, fathers, brothers and sisters. Scott is a member of a worldwide movement to prevent the spread of HIV and other diseases transmitted by drug users. He carries a bag with condoms and clean syringes, which he gives out for free, and naloxone, an overdose-reversal medication, which he has used to bring addicts back from the brink of death (Columbia Journalism Review, March-April, excerpted in Utne, July-August).

Books on wheels

Since homeless people have no address, they can't get a library card. Laura Moulton, a novelist, has started a mobile book service in Portland, Oregon, that takes books to the homeless. As part of Street Books (streetbooks.org), Moulton pulls a wagonload of books behind her bike, stopping at sites where the homeless congregate. She has established a checkout system, and she's found that her clients are good about returning books (Christian Science Monitor, August 10).