Jesus gets mad
Years ago I read an article in Interpretation that forever
changed my understanding of this gospel passage. The writer focused on
the alternate reading in verse 41—a reading so alternate that some
Bibles don't even list it in the footnotes. Here's the question: what
did Jesus feel as he healed the leper?
First, some context. It is
just after the big night in Capernaum when Jesus healed many in town,
including Peter's mother-in-law. The next morning, while everyone else
is sleeping it off, Jesus gets up and goes to pray in a "deserted
place"—a wilderness, an idea rich with associations. On this particular
morning the temptations Jesus faces may be only distraction and pride.
But prayer defends him, helps him defeat these spiritual enemies, so
that when Peter and the rest come to find him—"hunting him down"—he is
able to say with authority that he is not going back to Capernaum but
"on to the neighboring villages" in order to "proclaim the message there
also, for that is what I came out to do."
Now today we get the
story of the leper. After having contact with a leper, Jesus cannot go
into the neighboring villages—cannot do what he has come to do—for at
least two reasons. The first is that physical contact with the man makes
Jesus ritually unclean and therefore unwelcome in the villages. Second,
Jesus "sternly ordered the man" to be silent, just as he ordered the
demon in the synagogue, but unlike the demon, the leper blabs about his
healing (proving both that Jesus cannot control human behavior and that
people are often not as obedient as demons).
As a result of his
encounter with the leper, Jesus can no longer do what he intended to do.
Yes, people will come to him in the countryside, but he won't be able
to enter a town.
Now the traditional translation of verse 41—one
infused with our existing characterizations of Jesus—is that he was
moved with compassion or "great pity." But the Greek word means simply
"great emotion"; the specific emotion is not given. Given the context,
the alternate reading makes sense: Jesus was overcome by anger.
Jesus? Angry? I believe so.
He is angry to be distracted or interrupted in his work—he was there not to heal but to preach! Now he is doubly
disabled from carrying out that task. He orders the man not to say a
word, perhaps hoping that once his ritual purification is accomplished
he can return to his plans.
I once heard "parenting" defined as
"a parable of interruption." So is ministry. When the pristine cloister
of my study is invaded, I often get angry. And every time I do, I
remember that Jesus too experienced interruption in his ministry.
Churches do too.