Who are you talking about, Jesus?
About whom exactly is Jesus talking here? That’s a tricky question.
Luke tells us that he speaks against “some” who trust in themselves
because they are righteous. But we want names.
have assumed that Jesus was condemning Pharisees, and we have let them
stand for Jews in general. But this is deep and tragic irony. Far from
condemning all Pharisees, Jesus is using one as an example of virtue not yet transformed by the love of God. So again, who are these people?
was a transplanted Southern evangelical who lived in Chicago during
high school. At our church we were very clear that the “some” who
trusted in themselves were Catholics. There were more Catholics than
Southern Baptists in Chicago, and we did not like that. We held them in
contempt because they allegedly believed they could earn their way to
heaven by works. Years later I mourn the loss of Christian friendships
that I might have enjoyed had my Sunday school teachers not warned me
to mistrust the Catholics.
These days I often find myself in
the company of so-called progressive Baptists. We’re pretty sure that
Jesus was talking about fundamentalists, Republicans and anyone else
without our enlightened social vision. Luke only tells us that Jesus
was speaking about “some.” Some people are capable of trusting in
themselves because they have done really good things, but unless they
are transformed by the love of Christ, even their virtue turns into
vice. They wind up holding others in contempt. I wonder who that
someone could be?
This is the strange day known as Reformation
Sunday. Do we not often tragically celebrate the division of Christ’s
church on this day? What kind of people celebrate their divisions? We
Christians would do better to mourn and repent of our pride and schism
on this day. Yes, we have some serious theological differences to
hammer out, but aren’t our differences just another occasion for the
Spirit to instruct us in grace?
According to Luke, if we can
learn the proper disposition of humility and pray rightly, God will
hear us, forgive us, justify us and unite God’s scattered people again.
Perhaps Reformation Sunday needs to be a day of prayer and repentance
for the Christian church scattered and divided by nation, class and
race. A true reformation would see the church’s unity restored, and its
people proclaiming God’s peace in a warring world. A true reformation
would mean no more borders.
It’s important to remember that
Jesus and his disciples are on a journey to a confrontation. Jesus has
been teaching us about what it means to be part of his reign. He’s
warned us that his reign will not come before there is great passion,
suffering and transformation; he has reminded us that we must be
committed to prayerful perseverance over the long haul. Now he’s
teaching us about the dispositions necessary to keep this company of
In short, this is not a good passage for
Reformation Sunday, if we intend to use it as an occasion to celebrate
individual, interiorized salvation experiences, as churches of the
Reformation have often done. Jesus is building up his church here as a
holy people set apart from the world. His church will be one, holy,
apostolic . . . and catholic. We will soon be called to proclaim before
all the powers and principalities that Jesus is Lord.
is a very good passage if we are looking for hope for Christ’s whole
church. That tax collector went home justified. He got saved, which in
the context of Luke means he was accepted into the company of those
whom Jesus is forgiving, reconciling and uniting to endure over the
long haul, until the kingdom comes.