Brueggemann sermon starter
Editor’s note: In a new Theolog endeavor we’ve asked Walter
Brueggemann to share some talking points on the Sunday lectionary for
the next six weeks. These are meant to be the sort of observation one
member of a lectionary group might make to another, or fodder for
thinking and reading in advance of Sunday. Please let us and Dr.
Brueggemann know what you think by posting a comment.
Second Sunday of Easter: Acts 5:27-32
In the Book of Acts the church is a restless, transformative agent at work for emancipation and well-being in the world.
this restlessness, it is inevitable that the church would collide with
settled authority, the authority of the state (the Roman empire) and
the authority of “the church” (settled Judaism). Neither the state nor
“the church,” as given in the text, are eager for restless
transformation: settled institutions have a deep interest in keeping
things as they are in a condition of dysfunction and disability. In
contrast the church, powered by passion for the risen Christ and led by
the Spirit, is portrayed as bold and daring in its enactment of a
In the present text, we are at the end of a confrontation that begins in verse 12:
The initial subversive act of the church is “that they were all cured”
(v. 16). Such an act is sure to be noticed by the authorities.
• The authorities imprison the apostles. An established rule will do what it can for the sake of repression, silence and order.
• The angel frees them for preaching “in the temple.”
three moments in sequence indicate the irrepressible power of the
church and the defensive posture of settled authority. Even before we
arrive at the assigned verses for the day, the preacher can articulate
that an Easter church is a public church that refuses to be defined by
the conventional dysfunctions of society.
In verse 16 we saw
“the evangelical walk.” Now in verses 29-32 we get “the evangelical
talk” that connects the specific “cures” to the truth of the risen
Christ. The adversarial nature of the exchange between settled
authority and impassioned church is unmistakable:
• high priest: “strict orders not to teach.”
• the apostles: “we are witnesses.”
accented in this exchange might be public church, resurrection as
public, irrepressible event, the link of “talk” and “walk,” the
connection of cure and testimony, the emboldening present of the spirit.
is no quibbling here about the “nature” of the resurrection: it is a
given from which the church moves. I suspect that the task of gospel
news in U.S. society now is to address the National Security State and
a perpetual state of war that is in the service of a consumerism that
robs society of its human capacity. The challenge, first of all, is for
the church to hear its own good news and ponder its peculiar place in
society as an “other.” After all, Easter may be, as Gamaliel observes,
“of God” (v. 39).
Two references: I recommend Jon D. Levenson’s new book, Resurrection and the Restoration of Israel: The Ultimate Victory of the God of Life
(Yale University Press). Levenson criticizes “liberal rational” Jews
who have found the resurrection to be an embarrassment. All believing
Jews, he says, affirm the resurrection. Christians depend on the
general Jewish conviction as milieu for the specificity of Easter that
powers dangerous, transformative missional energy in the world.
Christians also must not explain away the wonder by being “liberal
In the final page of his Institutes, John Calvin quotes verse 29: “We must obey God rather than man.” In his final chapter, “On Civil Government,” he writes:
us console ourselves with this thought, that we truly perform the
obedience which God requires of us, when we suffer any thing rather
than deviate from piety…that we may not be submissive to the corrupt
desires of men, much less be slaves to their piety. (Institutes Book IV, chapter XX, XXXII)
“piety/impiety” Calvin understood the entire range of the practice of
the gospel. No settled authority dare impede the church in its
transformational mission. This the freedom of the apostles in public,
and of the whole church that refuses to be “slaves to their impiety.”