When the patriarch Joseph revealed himself to his brothers in Egypt, he had a chance to retaliate against them for selling him into slavery. Payback—an eye for an eye—was the ruling ethic up to this point in the stories of Genesis. Instead, Joseph forgave his brothers and looked out for their welfare, ending the tit for tat. Old Testament scholar David Noel Freedman was once asked to sum up the whole Bible in a sentence. After a moment of reflection he said, “There is forgiveness” (Interpretation, July).