Christopher Pramuk sees a connection between Thomas Merton and Pope Francis. What binds them together is St. Francis’s awareness that the fate of the earth and the fate of God’s creatures are integrally related. As Pope Francis wrote in Laudato si’: “We are faced not with two separate crises, one environmental and the other social, but rather one complex crisis which is both social and environmental. . . . There can be no renewal of our relationship with nature without a renewal of humanity itself. There can be no ecology without an adequate anthropology.” Pramuk says that Merton’s writings embody what Pope Francis calls an “integral ecology,” challenging modern certainties and envisioning a different way of being human in the world (Los Angeles Review of Books, April 23).