acts of conscience

Books

Bystanders: Conscience and Complicity During the Holocaust, by Victoria J. Barnett

On a wall of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., is a quotation from Israeli historian Yahuda Bauer: "Thou shalt not be a victim. Thou shalt not be a perpetrator. Above all, thou shalt not be a bystander." At first glance, the "above all" is problematic. Why is it not better to be a passive witness to evil than an active agent?

Books

Prescient pacifists

The Enlightenment has bequeathed us—Americans more than anyone else—the conviction that history is a story of progress.