By chance, while in Scotland I picked up a copy of David Bartholomew’s book God, Chance and Purpose: Can God Have It Both Ways? It offers a wonderful look at the role of chance in science for people interested in science and theology.
Bartholomew, a professor of statistics, argues that chance is a real part of nature and is not necessarily the enemy of purpose; in fact, chance can be thought of as an integral part of God’s creation. This claim contrasts with the view that randomness does not really exist and that things must have been designed by an Intelligent Designer or determined by a God who is in total control.
The author offers a clear description of chance and probability, and he looks at how humans use the notion of chance (for example, in games of chance) and then at how God might use chance.