Although the ghosts of genocide persist in Rwanda, where an estimated 800,000 men, women and children were slaughtered in 1994, there are signs of hope. Rwandans are creating one of the safest, least corrupt and most economically successful countries on the continent. One factor in the healing of the ethnic strife between Hutus and Tutsis was the use of a traditional justice system called gacaca. Gacaca courts are community-based public trials that allowed victims to confront the accused. If convicted, the accused were sentenced to do things that helped rebuild the country: repairing houses, making agricultural terraces or tending the fields of victims’ families (United Church Observer, July/August).