In the book of Lamentations, God is largely silent in the face of laments about Israel’s suffering under the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem. Beau Harris and Carleen Mandolfo suggest a number of reasons for the divine silence. First, God is a good listener, showing deep respect for Israel’s pain. Second, God may be demonstrating a baffled silence at the extent of the destruction Israel experienced. Finally, God may use silence to teach Israel that God wasn’t going to immediately resolve their situation—and that Israel would need a tough skin for living among their enemies. God’s silence in Lamentations is instructive for pastoral counseling and Christian compassion. People sometimes need a place to spill out their rage, and they don’t need instant responses (Interpretation, April).